Take That, 2020: The Book That Reminded Me Change Is Possible
With everything this year is throwing at us, Hannah Sung writes, it couldn't come at a better time.
What were you doing the night of the first Trump-Biden debate? I’m talking about the September night when Democratic nominee Joe Biden had his now-infamous “Will you shut up, man?” moment.
I opted out. I find it hard to listen to Donald Trump’s voice when he is saying, and has said, so many vile things. Instead, that evening, I took care of me. I snapped my laptop shut, put my phone away and burrowed into my couch to crack a book I’d been meaning to read for ages. It seemed like a particularly good counter-activity for the night.
I was feeling frustrated and stymied, feelings that only grew for me as summer became fall. I have two kids, and when I strip everything else away, my most important job is to care for them until they can fly the coop. I felt Ontario’s school re-opening plan, announced in the summer, was unsafe. And it had jolted me into action.
People wanted smaller class size. Hundreds of thousands of Ontarians signed a petition pressing for this evidence-backed demand to keep our communities safer from COVID-19. In the end, nada. Schools re-opened without a last-minute change of plan from the Ministry of Education.
My frustration was vibrating particularly highly on debate night, when I turned off the screen and picked up my book. Not just any book. But the exact right book for the moment.
Impact: Six Patterns To Spread Your Social Innovation, by Al Etmanski (whom I first about from my father-in-law, because they are neighbours) is a clearly-written guide to organizing social change. At a time when the world is filled with pent-up frustration about COVID-19 changing our lives, political fear, more racism (yes, more) and poverty lines are becoming more entrenched, a clear guide to social change is exactly what we need. The book doesn’t make the action easy, but it helps to have a plan.
I was captivated by its stories. Some, like Aung San Suu Kyi and the Kielbergers, haven’t aged well. But other stories, of microcredit pioneer Muhummad Yunus or John Mighton, the playwright best-known for his famous approach to teaching kids math, remain inspirational.
It’s Etmanski’s work itself that I found to be the biggest motivator. His path began at home and led him to Parliament Hill, with an initiative that became government policy and now improves the lives of many families across Canada.
Etmanski became a parent activist in the disability movement in British Columbia after his second daughter was born with Down syndrome. Along with his partner, Vickie Cammack, Etmanski created the framework for a Registered Disability Savings Plan, which is like an RESP (Registered Education Savings Plan) but for families who want to financially plan for their children with disabilities. The work came out of identifying a fear: his child’s limited ability to generate income as an adult. In 2008, after years of work, Canadians got the world’s first RDSP. Today, there’s more than $2-billion in RDSPs in the bank for people with disabilities.
If there’s one through-line, it’s that the work of creating social change is never-ending. But the rewards are massive.
Reading the book felt electric because I needed to be reminded that creating change is possible.
Impact lays out the six patterns Etmanski identified when it comes to successful attempts to create social change. And I love a good plan. Here are a few phrases from Impact I found particularly life-giving:
On inclusive movements being better than committees or task forces:
Movements address the most critical yet elusive set of change variables: culture. I’m referring to the hard-to-change habits, beliefs, working relationships, authority flows and stories about the way things should be that most of us prefer to hang on to.
On being inspired by a history of overturning cultural norms — in this case the Abolitionist movement:
It started in 1787 when twelve abolitionists met in the back room of a London print shop, determined to abolish slavery. At the time, 75 percent of the world’s people were either enslaved or in forced labour or serfdom. Slavery, not freedom, was the norm.
Referencing Jane Jacobs’ book Systems of Survival and the reality that government is inherently conservative and doesn’t do change well:
Governments today are expected to do more with less, to increase productivity as resources decline. As citizens we want government to anticipate problems and prevent them before they arise. At the same time, governments must respond to a sophisticated citizenry that expects government to keep pace with the technologies, choices, standards and personalized services we encounter in the private sector. We want our public services to be as responsive and as tailored as Netflix, but at no extra cost.
On operating from a place of empathy in order to get the work done:
Democratic governments are works in progress. Governments seem stuck. Designed for the machine era, they appear out of place in our digital world. They need our help.
Advocating with empathy means:
- Understanding government, not ridiculing or ignoring it
- Following Martin Luther King’s advice and conducting ourselves “on the high plane of dignity and discipline”
- Refreshing our democratic institutions
When I read this, I think of the highly-organized, long-term work of the Black Lives Matter movement, which has been a vehicle for pressing for the defunding of police, which is taking root now, after years of pressure. I also think about how many of these themes are echoed by U.S. Congress representative Alexandria-Ocasio Cortez: “Let this moment radicalize you. Let this moment put everything into stark focus. Are we going to let our fear paralyze us? Or are we going to turn our fear into fuel? . . . No one president is the answer. You are the answer. Mass movements are the answer.”
If there’s any one theme that has emerged for me during the Covid era, it’s that all our everyday acts connect us to everyone else — the food we eat, the spaces we inhabit, the work we do for each other — and when we shortchange the system, skirting fairness and respect to save money, people suffer.
Knowing this, as AOC said above, we need to focus. I’m so grateful for a book that shows us how.